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Misunderstanding Markup: XHTML 2/HTML 5 Comic Strip

Since the official announcement of W3C to stop working on the development of XHTML 21 in the end of 2009 and increase resources on HTML 5 instead, there has been a lot of confusion and various debates about the “proper”markup language for modern and future web-development. With XHTML 1.0, XHTML 2, HTML 4, HTML 5 and XHTML 5 we have so many languages that it’s really getting hard to keep track!

Now that the development of XHTML 2 is discontinued, should we stick to XHTML 1.0 or move forward to HTML 5 or better prefer the old HTML 4? Let’s set things straight once and for all. In this post we are trying to clear up the confusion, explain what is what and describe what markup language you can use for your web-sites. You can also see the comic in the larger version2.

HTML 5 vs. XHTML 23

HTML 5 vs. XHTML 24

HTML 5 vs. XHTML 25

HTML 5 vs. XHTML 26

Links mentioned in the article Link

About the authors Link

Jeremy Keith10 is an Irish web developer living in Brighton, England where he works with the web consultancy firm Clearleft11. He has written two books, DOM Scripting12 and Bulletproof Ajax13, but what he really wants to do is direct. His latest project is Huffduffer14, a service for creating podcasts of found sounds. When he is not making websites, Jeremy plays bouzouki in the band Salter Cane15. His loony bun is fine benny lava.

Brad Colbow is a freelance web designer16 living and working in Cleveland Ohio (USA). He is also the creator of the weekly web comic “The Brads17” about two web designers trying to start a small company. You can check out the latest comic and the archives on Brad’s website18.

Footnotes Link

  1. 1 http://www.zeldman.com/2009/07/02/xhtml-wtf/
  2. 2 https://www.smashingmagazine.com/wp-content/uploads/images/xhtml2-html5/comic-960px.jpg
  3. 3 https://www.smashingmagazine.com/wp-content/uploads/images/xhtml2-html5/comic-960px.jpg
  4. 4 https://www.smashingmagazine.com/wp-content/uploads/images/xhtml2-html5/comic-960px.jpg
  5. 5 https://www.smashingmagazine.com/wp-content/uploads/images/xhtml2-html5/comic-960px.jpg
  6. 6 https://www.smashingmagazine.com/wp-content/uploads/images/xhtml2-html5/comic-960px.jpg
  7. 7 http://hsivonen.iki.fi/xhtml2-html5-q-and-a/
  8. 8 http://www.zeldman.com/2009/07/07/in-defense-of-web-developers/
  9. 9 http://html5doctor.com/html-5-xml-xhtml-5/
  10. 10 http://adactio.com/
  11. 11 http://clearleft.com/
  12. 12 http://domscripting.com/
  13. 13 http://bulletproofajax.com/
  14. 14 http://huffduffer.com/
  15. 15 http://saltercane.com/
  16. 16 http://colbowdesign.com/portfolio.html
  17. 17 http://www.bradcolbow.com/archive.php/
  18. 18 http://bradcolbow.com
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Brad Colbow is a web designer living and working in Cleveland Ohio (USA). He is also the creator of the weekly web comic "The Brads" about two web designers trying to start a small company. You can follow him on twitter here.

  1. 1

    What a lame, useless article. Nerds.

    *facepalm

    -65
  2. 2

    That did absolutely nothing to explain the differences between HTML & XHTML. But it’s OK because anybody that needs a comic strip to help them understand shouldn’t worry. If you don’t know what XHTML is then I guarantee you’ve no reason to use it. Just don’t rely on comics written by idiots to help you get your head round it!

    -21
  3. 3

    1st comment! Great article!

    -5
  4. 4

    This comic makes it really easy to get the differences between xhtml, xhtml 2 and html 5! Very well done!

    15
  5. 5

    Tutorial City

    July 29, 2009 7:18 am

    Very very cool!

    -1
  6. 6

    fatih arslan

    July 29, 2009 7:18 am

    very funny

    0
  7. 7

    Courtny Cotten

    July 29, 2009 7:19 am

    Haha, awesome post! Good way to clarify by using the illustrations and such :D I like the fat free cheese.

    0
  8. 8

    I like this…. cool, each to their own and do what you like the most.

    Cool.

    0
  9. 9

    Certainly a good entry point for anyone who wants to find out more about XHTML, HTML 5 and whatever else might be looming out there.

    In my opinionated view, defining HTML 5, implementing cross-browser support for it and spreading the word about deprecated tags (such as FRAMESET, among others) should be a top priority.

    Thanks for keeping the buzz going!

    3
  10. 10

    Wow, this comic really helped me understand the difference between XHTML 1.1, XHTML 2 and HTML 5. I’m less confused now. :D

    3
  11. 11

    Will Merydith

    July 29, 2009 7:33 am

    Very cool and well done. I’m actually going to use this as I get asked about html 5 more and more often and my own explanation does more damage than good I think.

    2
  12. 12

    Smashing Magazine + Comics. I’m very pleased.

    2
  13. 13

    Bravo, Brad. Great way of clarifying Jeremy Keith’s point!

    2
  14. 14

    Is it just me, or the guy in the comic looks sick?

    2
  15. 15

    Simple. Clear. Funny. I like it.

    @Pandjarov – silly flamer. For anyone in web development or learning some form of HTML, this is important stuff. The article and comic laid it out rather well.

    HTML 5 and CSS 3, let’s go!

    3
  16. 16

    Justin Clemens

    July 29, 2009 7:46 am

    Kudos on “ham and hamster” metaphor.

    0
  17. 17

    Sorry, not funny

    -13
  18. 18

    Mark Collins

    July 29, 2009 7:51 am

    What an excellent way to illustrate the problem.

    0
  19. 19

    Marius Milcher

    July 29, 2009 8:02 am

    Anyone remember the Chrome comic?? This is a very clear and concise explanation, certainly cleared up a few points and great use of metaphors (milk, cheese, soya milk – excellent). Good effort, Thanks!

    3
  20. 20

    Thanks!

    1

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